Key words: Myths, communalistic, african philosophy, earth and God. African mythology covers a vast area. Write my Essay | I need help with my School Assignment, A photo posted by Writemyclassessay (@writemyclassessay). 1980. God created the tortoise (turtle), men and stones. Rather, it seems that there is less of a chasm between God and the other spirit beings, and that the category used to understand the remoteness of the Supreme Being is not transcendence but differing communal responsibilities (Turaki, 1999: 156). Describe the African concept of his/her religion b. African understanding of religion acknowledges the existence of an invisible spiritual world and simultaneously maintains that all things are united and interconnected (Thorpe 1992:112). These are vital questions which we shall now consider. Yoruba, West Africa god of war and iron Olorun Yoruba, West Africa sky god and supreme deity deity. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. In African Traditional Religion creator God is distant from man. The tortoise, however, wished to have children, and went to God. By this Africans understand that God is not only kind, but that he does not do wrong. The Doctrine of God in African Christian Thought. Definitely a huge help for me, I appreciate everything and everyone there. (ii) God is everlasting / eternal. African mythology permeates Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Niger, Ghana, Gambia, and it has been transported through slavery to Brazil, Cuba, Trinidad, Guyana, Haiti and other South American and Caribbean countries. The difference between the Western and African idea of God may be understood as a difference of names due to languages. The global God: multicultural evangelical views of God. In this case, so-called "salvation history" must widen its outreach in order to embrace the horizons of other peoples’ histories”. I have opted to include fewer differences not because there are not many, but because more explanation is required. Chapter 3 describes the basic beliefs in African traditional religions, several African ethnic groups’ concepts of God, and the African theologians’ Christianization of the African God by employing Christian theological terms. Return to essay, ⁴ In fact, Nyirongo (1997: 16) states, “That God revealed Himself to the pre-Christian African generations cannot be denied. 1985. It seems that we need to heed Turaki’s (1999: 149-150) warning to not violate Africa’s holistic view of the world by interpreting the Supreme Being’s transcendence in absolute terms. GEHMAN, R.J. African traditional religion in biblical perspective. The Supreme Being is likewise good (Mbiti, 1991: 55). (viii) God is All-present ( Omnipresent). The Yoruba people of Nigeria, for example, worship a storm god, Shango, who controls thunder and lightning. SMITH, E.W. These basic beliefs are: 1. God’s omnipotence is particularly recognized in the powers of nature. critical understanding of African worldview, the place of African philosophy and the significance of myths in the reflection of African experience. This is the meaning of the doctrine of the Trinity in Christian thought. The South African reimaging of God revolved around ridding themselves of the patriarchal model that supports the hierarchy, domination, and sexism of their experience under apartheid. What are the most commonly recognized spiritual forces in African religions? Thank you! INTRODUCTION Philosophy as a discipline is the reflection of mankind on the ideas and institutions guiding their existence. Since the beginning of time the biblical God has revealed himself through communicating verbally with human beings; in fact, he has done so finally through Jesus Christ (Hebrews 1:1-4). Using Readings 5 , 6 and 7 summarize the African understanding of God and his/her characteristics, as well as the set of moral and spiritual values used by Africans to define a genuine human being and a genuine man/woman of God eds. This chapter concludes that it is not possible to presume a homogenous or one unified concept of God in Africa. These five basic beliefs that make up the African traditional religion are corroborated by the work of Vincent Okungu, who argued that a slight difference might be observed in these component elements with different people groups in Africa to demonstrate the peoples’ understanding of God in their locality. By the end of this lesson, you should a. This Supreme Being, God, is believed to be the Creator of everything and Sustainer of life. O’DONOVAN, W. 1995. Theological pitfalls in Africa. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. Therefore, we must affirm what is correct in the African conception of deity. I believe this assertion to be correct and so the question, “How do African concepts of God relate to the God of the Bible?” is most worthy of our consideration. These five basic beliefs that make up the African traditional religion are corroborated by the work of Vincent Okungu, who argued that a slight difference might be observed in these component elements with different people groups in Africa to demonstrate the peoples’ understanding of God in their locality. Thus, to have many children who can preserve one's memory is to secure one's immortality. Secondly, Africans have distorted their knowledge of God. sense, African Christian theology is the understanding, presentation and concrete interpretation of the Christian faith in accordance with the needs, aspirations, thought-forms and mentality of the people of the black continent. ... Mbiti's work inspired numerous studies on God in African religions. Monotheism’s insistence on the BOWERS, P. 2002. The critical understanding of God in Zinza tribe: Perception of Waha on God, Mode of worship, Position of women in worship, Weakness of their worship and Criticisms on worship. African mythology covers a vast area. Cape Town, South Africa: Potchefstroom University. Have you completed your assignment? Neith, goddess sometimes associated with wisdom; Thoth, originally a moon deity, later became the god of knowledge and wisdom and the scribe of the gods; Sia, the deification of wisdom; Isis, goddess of wisdom, magic and kingship.She was said to be "more clever than a million gods". 'The Afri-can attitude to God is perhaps understood least' (Sawyer, 1970, p. ix). By this he is asserting that God has revealed himself in a general way through what has been created and in that sense he has spoken and continues to speak to every African. Indeed, God promises that he is judging sin now (Romans 1:24) and will do so in a more comprehensive way in the future (2 Peter 3:7). MBITI, J. Supreme God, as with Yahweh in the Old Testament, but instead they became gods in themselves, because these intermediaries re-quested or required cultic worship, ritual and exigencies that are foreign and inadequate in the description and understanding of the angelic intermediaries of the Old Testament. Furthermore, due to the nature of the evidence, its scope must be universal; and so we cannot exclude Africans from this knowledge. Africans believed in existence of a supreme being who lived in mountains, clouds and the sky. (ix) God is self-existent which means that he is self-made and originated on His own. Yet, at the same time it must always be maintained that this is fundamentally a different God due to Africa’s distortion of general revelation. Yet God is immanent. I have never trusted online activities but this is outstanding!!!! Like Greek, Middle Eastern, and Indian mythologies, the West African mythology offers a sophisticated understanding of creation and humanity. African spirituality is a way of life. LESSON ONE: AFRICAN CONCEPT OF GOD, SPIRITS AND ANCESTORS Learning outcomes. Return to essay, ⁷ It is worth bearing this in mind when examining Mbiti’s (1980) statement, “When we identify the God of the Bible as the same God who is known through African religion ... we must also take it that God has had a historical relationship with African peoples. Quick feedback and perfect papers. The visible/ earth. The Supreme Being is personal in the sense of possessing personhood; therefore deity is referred to as a ‘He’ and not as an ‘it’ or a ‘power’ (Gehman, 2005: 319). If we had an infinite and completely comprehensive understanding of God, we, too, would be God, having omniscience. In attempting to answer this question we will examine their similarities and differences, and then we will consider whether African concepts of God¹ are more similar or dissimilar to the God of the Bible. By this label serious damage was done to the gospel in Africa. Write my Class essay delivers high quality work and I am happy to be a repeat customer. Africa Christian press. KATO, B. In light of the above it seems that we should affirm the similarities between the biblical God and the African God. Biblical Christianity in Africa: a collection of papers and addresses. {"cookieName":"wBounce","isAggressive":false,"isSitewide":true,"hesitation":"20","openAnimation":"tada","exitAnimation":"bounceOutUp","timer":"","sensitivity":"","cookieExpire":"30","cookieDomain":"writemyclassessay.com","autoFire":"","isAnalyticsEnabled":true}, Header Button Label: View writing samples. NYIRONGO, L. 1997. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. Here is a 20% discount for our Academic Research Writing service. I have opted to not include the concept of transcendence under similarities for I believe it to be an area where African theologians have fundamentally misrepresented African religion, by “‘baptising’ the data in order to project a traditional religion that is compatible with Christianity” (Bowers, 2002: 118). The gods of Africa or the God of the Bible? The difference between the Western and African idea of God may be understood as a difference of names due to languages. There are two major differences between the God of the Bible and the African concepts of God, which I will discuss. What are the attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding? This knowledge of God through belief; became the cardinal point of the religion of Africans. We handle assignments in a multiplicity of subject areas including Admission Essays, General Essays, Case Studies, Coursework, Dissertations, Editing, Research Papers, and Research proposals, A photo posted by Writemyclassessay (@writemyclassessay) on Oct 13, 2016 at 11:26pm PDT, We handle papers in a multiplicity of subject areas including Admission Essays, General Essays, Case Studies, Coursework, Dissertations, Editing, Research Papers, and Research proposals. The fundamental problem with constructing an African religious cosmology is to understand how the one god and the many gods or lesser deities can co-exist in the African context. This Most practitioners of African Traditional Religion have an understanding of a creator God, but this normally refined and broaden when one becomes a Christian. & SPENCER, W.D. Examples of where this difference is manifested are, amongst others, holiness, justice, knowledge and relationship. I have to say that you have exceeded my expectations. At the outset I need to say that one of the major problems in a study such as this is its vastness. The works of African scholars for the past three decades have established the fact that Africans have a concept of an universal God and the Creator (Idowu, 1962; Mbiti, 1975). The Seven African Powers of Creation The Philosophy of Physics, Astronomy & Khemistry unuwubu~ ~, low, So n ~ The Law of Creation ~As above, so it is below~ They say the purpose of creation is for God to increase. African scholars do not present one unified understanding of religion. These similarities are seen in the belief in the existence of a personal and spiritual deity who is the almighty creator, and the all-knowing, protecting provider. Although Christian orthodoxy defines the doctrine of the Trinity, the intellectual tools used to capture it significantly vary. Nyirongo (1997: 63) helpfully adds, “The responsibility belongs to those who are physically alive, but more especially to the ancestral spirits who are the custodians of the community”. African theologian alive today. However, the origin of God is generally a mystery; different myths exist in different African cultures trying to explain God’s origin. centre (Introduction to African Religions, 41, 42). When do you want our writer to submit your order? This ordering is what is referred to as the hierarchy of beings. At different times and in different places, Western Christianity has, for … The number of gods and goddesses varies from culture to culture. From these two beliefs it naturally follows that the Supreme Being is seen as almighty; for he has the power to do anything he desires (O’Donovan, 1995: 41). In African Traditional Religion creator God is distant from man. In this second edition, Dr Mbiti has updated his material to include the involvement of women in religion, and the potential unity to be found in what was once thought to be a mass of quite separate religions. The encounter of Christian faith and African religion. The universe has a specific order of created beings, with God the creator occupying the highest rank. Explain the attributes of God according to the African traditional understanding. 1991. OLUPONA: If we lose traditional African religions, we would also lose or continue to seriously undermine the African practice of rites of passage such as the much cherished age-grade initiations, which have for so long integrated and bought Africans together under a common understanding, or worldview. Introduction to African religion. MBITI, J.S. 2nd ed. God was the creator of the universe. (v) God is a provider, giver of life and provider of His creation. 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