Consequently, in 2002, census occupation codes were expanded from three-digit codes to four-digit codes. In 2010, the Census Occupation Code List included 540 occupation codes. Alphabetical arrangement of occupations in Vol II, Census 1861. These data are derived from responses to write-in questions that are autocoded and clerically coded by Census Bureau staff, using the Census Occupation Code List developed for Census Bureau household surveys. Each occupation in the 2018 SOC is placed within one of these 23 major groups: 11-0000 Management Occupations; 13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations; 15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations; 17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations; 19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations The 2010 code list was used through the 2017 ACS. Information about occupation is also important for creating jobs as companies use these data to decide where to locate new plants, stores, or offices. This list of jobs from the 1881 census proves the British have always had a great sense of humour. In 2018, it included 570 occupation codes. Images of these questions are provided below. Every Census Bureau occupation code crosswalks to an SOC code. On the ACS, demographic occupational data are derived primarily from answers to questions 42 e and f.  These questions are asked of all people 15 years old and over who had worked in the past 5 years. Simply match up the abbreviation found in an old document with the list below. A deeper look though, shows a bustling society full of a variety of work. 'Make a study of it, Take especial pains to avoid unmeaning terms, or such as are too general to couvey a definite idea of the occupation. 1841 Census Occupation Abstract – full occupation details now required. 1841:-From this date householders’ schedules were in use, and at the census office an effort was made to group the occupations ‘under definite rules and on uniform lines’. Back to Guidance for Industry & Occupation Data Users, General Overview of the Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations, Public-Use Sample of Occupation and Industry Write-ins from ACS 2009, 1970 Census Alphabetical Index of Industries and Occupations, Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), Guidance for Industry & Occupation Data Users. This entailed adding a “0” to either the beginning or the end of each occupation code from the 2000 Census Occupation Code List. The Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations list over 21,000 industry and 31,000 occupation titles in alphabetical order. Data on occupation, industry, and class of worker are collected for the respondent’s current primary job or the most recent job for those who are not employed but have worked in the last 5 years. Starting in 2018, the ACS began coding occupation data using the 2018 Census Occupation Code List, based on the 2018 SOC. From 2004 through 2018. Measuring America's People, Places, and Economy. For each employed CPS respondent from before the year 2000 we impute post-2000 Census industry and occupation classifications and related variables. Between 2010 and 2018, 125 occupation codes were deleted and 155 new occupation codes were added. Federal agencies use these data in litigation where employment discrimination is alleged. Detailed … 4. Data are used to formulate policy and programs for employment, career development and training, and to measure compliance with antidiscrimination policies. For example, goldsmiths had more prestige than shoemakers. Written responses to the occupation questions are coded using the 2018 occupational classification system, which consists of 569 specific occupational categories for employed people, including 4 military codes, arranged into 23 major occupational groups. So once again, no attempt was made to compile a classified list of occupations, and the national abstract consisted only of an alphabetical summary of little use. Please check the Privacy Policy of the site you are visiting. Still more general names are such as Backer, Bailer, Bender, Binder, Bleacher, Blocker, Blower, Bluer, Boxer, Brasher, Burnisher;—a list which by no means exhausts this one initial letter, and, if made complete, would be found to comprise some hundreds of similarly vague designations. SteveMorse.org - Occupation Codes from the 1910–1940 U.S. Census Can't decipher an occupation from a 20th century U.S. census? The inquiry "profession, orcupation, or trade," is one of the , most important questions of this schedule. List. If one or more of the three variables (occupation, industry, or class of worker) is blank after edit procedures, a code is assigned from a donor respondent who is a “similar” person based on questions such as age, sex, educational attainment, income, employment status, and weeks worked. Mandated reports for Congress on the labor force rely on the analysis of these characteristics. OBSCURE OLD ENGLISH CENSUS OCCUPATIONS. A. Agencies use these data to plan job training programs. UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811, ($), index. The tool kit provides a list of these groupings and SAS and R code to create these groupings. These changes are needed to recognize when new occupations emerge, the growth and decline in existing occupations, and the desire of analysts, researchers, and other users for more detail in the presentation of the data. Other labor force questions, such as questions on earnings or work hours, may have different reference periods and may not limit the response to the primary job. CENSUS OF rnso: ., OCCUPATION. (For example: instruct and evaluate students and create lesson plans, assemble and install pipe sections and review building plans for work details) (Write-in field). the specific profession, occupation, or trade which the said person is known and reputed to follow in the place where he resides, as clergyman, physician, lawyer, shoemaker, student, farmer, car­ Read Local Census Listings or Pre-1841 Censuses and Population Listings in the British Isles for more information. In 2018, it included 570 occupation codes. There has long been a tendency amongst historians to view the Victorian and Edwardian censuses of England and Wales as a problematic source for studying the work of women. … … Comparability of occupation data across time and across data sources is affected by a number of factors, primarily the system used to classify the questionnaire responses. The 1990 Index lists approximately 21,000 industry and 30,000 occupation titles. For example, people employed in the transportation industry include mechanics, freight handlers, and payroll clerks; people employed in agriculture include truck drivers and bookkeepers; and people employed in the health care industry include janitors, security guards, and secretaries. These questions describe the work activity and occupational experience of the American labor force. The census did not distinguish employers from employees, or ascertain whether the work was done at … The Index contains a comprehensive list of over 21,000 industry and 31,000 occupation titles in alphabetical order. The codes that appear in columns F and J (see picture below) of the 1940 U.S. Census have been summarized in a 1940 Census Bureau publication . They will also show who they were living or staying with on the night of the census. Occupation is a person variable and is mainly coded based on the write-in responses to the following questions on the Census form: occupation title and main tasks performed. To sign up for updates please enter your contact information below. For the Island Areas—the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam, and American Samoa— the Island Areas Census, which uses a form based on the ACS and modified for these areas, is still the main data source. Between 2010 and 2018, 125 occupation codes were deleted and 155 new occupation codes were added. Another unusual occupation includes the following: David Ackerman Household [son Leslie], 1880 U.S. census, Juneau County, Wisconsin population schedule, town of Necedah, enumeration district 194 supervisor’s district 2 page 19, dwelling 157, family 162; National Archives micropublication T9, roll 1431, page 462D. In this handy reference list, we provide abbreviations for several hundred occupations. A purely occupational classification appears under present conditions of census taking to be impracticable (see page 12), and the present list of occupations is probably even more of an industrial nature than it otherwise need have been because it closely adheres for the sake of continuity to the lists of former censuses. Introduction To The Census Index The Classified Index of Industries and Occupations (the "Census Index") was developed to organize and make understandable the many thousands of industries and occupations as obtained from the decennial Census of Population. Some trades were viewed as more prestigious than others. Some new occupations appear as they were newly added to the census that year: these have been added to the end of the lists. Developed primarily for use in classifying a respondents industry and occupation as reported in Census Bureau demographic surveys, these are comprehensive lists of specific industries and occupations developed over time and continuously updated through review of census and survey responses. The Victorian enumerat… Changes in the occupational classification system limit comparability of the data from one year to another, and with surveys that use older coding systems (see below). The ACS has collected occupation data since the first survey in 1996. Some occupations are closely related to certain industries. Other lists were sometimes compiled, for a variety of reasons, which are often referred to as census ‘substitutes’. Family Tree Researcher - Dictionary of Old Occupations Jane has an extensive list of unusual, old occupations on her website or, for a few dollars, you can purchase an … For employed people, the data refer to the person's job during the previous week. For another alphabetized list of occupations, with their English translations, see http://www.folketimidten.dk/gb.htm. Some occupations are re-named, others are put into different categories over this thirty year period; some occupations did disappear. The Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations list over 21,000 industry and 31,000 occupation titles in alphabetical order. Further, the Bureau of Economic Analysis uses this information, in conjunction with other data, to develop its state per capita income estimates used in the allocation formulas or for eligibility criteria in many federal programs such as Medicaid, and plans to use the county-level information to develop its county and state per capita income estimates. After the revisions to the code lists for 2000, Census Bureau analysts anticipated the possibility of new occupations being added to the list of codes and the ability to have more flexibility in adding codes. Measuring America's People, Places, and Economy. In the censuses of 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831 lists of names were not collected centrally, although some are held in local record offices. For those who worked two or more jobs, the data refer to the job where the person worked the greatest number of hours. This happened because of changes to the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system, which guides the coding structure implemented by all federal agencies. The 1940 census industry cla.ssifl.cation.-To meet If all of the labor force and income data are blank, all of these economic questions are assigned from a “similar” person who had provided all the necessary data. II., containing, besides the number of males and of females, distinct references showing in what class and sub-class of the classified tables each occupation is to be found. U.S. Census Bureau 2018 Census Occupation Code List 2018 Census Occupation Code List, Crosswalk, and Summary of Code Changes Updated May 6, 2020 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators (53-7071) Pump Operators, Except Wellhead … 00-0000 All Occupations top 11-0000 Management Occupations top; 11-0000 Management Occupations. The initial ACS used 3-digit census occupation codes based on 1990 SOC codes. Others are not. To compare 2002 to 2010 occupation codes, see 2006-2010 ACS PUMS Occupation Conversion Rates (2002 to 2010 Occupation Census codes). Some abbreviations of occupations are self evident. Census-taking in the period was a predominantly male affair – census enumerators, who were mainly men, gave to household heads, again mostly male, census household schedules which they filled up using instructions provided by the exclusively male civil servants of the General Register Office (GRO) in London. 11-1000 Top Executives 11-1010 Chief Executives In 2010, the ACS transitioned to the 2010 Census Occupation Code List, based on the 2010 SOC. Additional guidance materials can be reached on the FTP archive. 1911 census occupation codes A key to the occupation codes used in the 1911 census. Beginning in 2018, this system consists of 569 specific occupational categories for employed people, including military, arranged into 23 major occupational groups. Find out about handbooks, data users groups, and related topics. Some new occupations appear: these have been added to the end of the lists. In 2000, the ACS began using the 2000 Census Occupation Code list, which was based on the 2000 SOC. Deciphering Occupation Codes Appended to the 1940 Census in One Step Stephen P. Morse, PhD & Joel D. Weintraub, PhD. I’ve made a short list of 10 occupations and their descriptions taken directly from the 1880 Census of Ashland, Boyd County Kentucky. The men, of course, have the majority of it, but the variety of women’s jobs might be a surprise as well. (For example: 4th grade teacher, entry-level plumber) (Write-in field), Question 42 f. - Describe this person’s most important activities or duties. Detailed occupation recodes had 94 categories; Simple occupation recodes had 23 categories. The Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations list over 21,000 industry and 31,000 occupation titles in alphabetical order. For more information on occupational comparability across classification systems between 1990 and 2000, see Technical Paper #65: The Relationship Between the 1990 Census and Census 2000 Industry and Occupation Classification Systems. The General Overview of the Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations [PDF - 101K] provides an explanation of how the indexes are designed and how they are used for coding industry and occupation responses. As a result, in 2019, the ACS implemented changes to the formatting, numbering of questions, and examples for the industry and occupation write-in questions provided on the questionnaire. Collapse the Census industry and occupation codes into Simple or Detailed recode categories developed for the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) public use data. Vagueness in stating specific occupation The text of these questions as they appear in the 2019 ACS questionnaire is as follows: Question 42 e. - What was this person’s main occupation? Learn about subjects covered by the data and which data tool to use. Jordan Erica Webber has shared an amazing thing on Twitter, “things people in Britain gave as their “rank, profession, or occupation” on the 1881 census.” Some are clearly jokes, and some are clearly just… jobs. Click on the occupational title to view that occupation's definition, national employment and wage estimates, and industry and geographic profiles. The imputations use micro data about each individual and training data sets that were classified by specialists into two industry and occupation category systems – that is, they are dual-coded. Every Census Bureau occupation code crosswalks to an SOC code. The primary sources of occupation data are currently the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS), which collect the detailed data previously covered by the decennial census long forms until 2000. The occupations in the 1851 Census are rank order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, for comparison purposes. Certain types of incomplete entries are corrected using the Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations. Occupations, U.S. Bureau of the Census. The Census Bureau has maintained its own code list since 1850. For ready reference all the occupations are arranged alphabetically in Table XVII., Vol. Look for the code and then use the files provided by Steve Morse to connect the dots. This special report on occupations covers the number of persons, distinguished by sex, engaged in specific occupations, by states, territories, and principal cities. Code number - occupation(s) 000 Schoolmasters, Teachers, Professors, Lecturers - In Schools &c under Local Authorities 010 Other Domestic Indoor Servants 020 Charwomen 030 Laundry Workers 040 Washers, Ironers, Manglers &c (not in Laundries) 050 Commercial or Business Clerks In 2016, the ACS underwent content testing for the class of worker, industry, and occupation questions. The English census has been taken every 10 years since 1841 but, because they can not be viewed by the public for 100 years, we only have access to the 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 census. Also at findmypast, ($), index The occupations in the 1851 Census are ranked in order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, ... or so few citizens were in those occupations that they were removed from the list.. These are comprehensive lists of specific industries and occupations developed over time and continuously updated through review of census and survey responses. To sign up for updates please enter your contact information below. Some occupations are closely related to certain industries. Usually, the greatest cause of non-comparability is the movement of a segment from one category to another. Operators of transportation equipment, … In the column numbered 13 is to be reported the occupation of each person 10 years of age and upwards. By selecting this link you will leave www.census.gov. These codes were put on the census pages well after the enumeration was done, and therefore provide no additional information. Census 2010 Occupation Codes 0510 Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products 0520 Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products 0530 Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm … Although the prevalence of multiple jobs is low, data on some labor force items may not exactly correspond to the reported occupation, industry, or class of worker of a respondent. In 2010, the Census Occupation Code List included 540 occupation codes. Operators of transportation equipment, farm operators and workers, and health care providers account for major portions of their respective industries of transportation, agriculture, and health care. Developed primarily for use in classifying a respondents industry and occupation as reported in Census Bureau demographic surveys, these are comprehensive lists of specific industries and occupations developed over time and continuously updated through … Please check the Privacy Policy of the site you are visiting. For unemployed people and people who are not currently employed but report having a job within the last five years, the data refer to their last job. For the 1841 Census, a separate Occupation Report was published, known as the ‘Occupation Abstract’. The SOC classifies paid work or work for profit into occupational categories based on the work performed. Locally, data are used to estimate the demand for staff in healthcare occupations and their geographic distribution based on these data. While the ACS occupation questions were slightly modified, the codes used for occupation have changed over the history of the ACS. This classification was developed based on the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) Manual: 2018, published by the Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The 1900 Census inquired about occupation, trade or profession of each person gainfully employed and 10 years of age and over. By selecting this link you will leave www.census.gov. Occasionally respondents supply occupation descriptions that are not sufficiently specific for precise classification, or they do not report on these questions at all. Guidance for Industry & Occupation Data Users. Occupations were a measure of social status. The aTI'angement of the census classification differs somewhat, however, from the arrangement of tbe Convertibility List, and a considerable number of the composite occupation groups of that List have been subdivided in the census classification. However, the industry categories include people in other occupations. Occupation data describe the kind of work the person does on the job. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations, 2006-2010 ACS PUMS Occupation Conversion Rates (2002 to 2010 Occupation Census codes). Many trades, such as butchers, tanners, shoemakers, tailors, and others were organized into guilds, which were in charge of training apprentices and regulating a trade's practice in an area. For information on tenant farmers in Denmark, see this article. These census records can tell you where your ancestor lived, their name, gender, age on the date of the census, occupation and birthplace (in 1841 it is just shown as within the county or outside). For full code lists and other technical information, please see our Guidance page. Some census records also abbreviate occupations due to the lack of space on census forms. 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