It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly. African trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness, is caused by Trypanosoma brucei parasites in sub-Saharan Africa and is transmitted by the tsetse fly (Glossina). American trypanosomiasis, or Chagas disease, is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi parasites in Latin America and is transmitted by the triatomine or ‘kissing’ bug. Check out a sample Q&A here. When the fly bites a human, it transmits the parasite. The bite of the tsetse fly causes a red sore. Encephalitis lethargica is an atypical form of encephalitis.Also known as "sleeping sickness" or "sleepy sickness" (distinct from tsetse fly-transmitted sleeping sickness), it was first described in 1917 by the neurologist Constantin von Economo and the pathologist Jean-René Cruchet.The disease attacks the brain, leaving some victims in a statue-like condition, speechless and motionless. In Africa such resources are often scarce, … A team of researchers has … This protozoan enters the human body when a person receives a bite from an infected tsetse fly. Main & Advanced Repeaters, Vedantu Left untreated, … Symptoms include insomnia, swollen lymph nodes, sweating, and coma. People get African trypanosomiasis from the tsetse fly. School-aged children may sleep 10 hours a day. Basically, a vector is considered as a reservoir of infection. This is a disorder caused by small parasites that are transmitted to human hosts by bites of infected tsetse flies (Glossina Genus). This disease can be fatal as it is capable of affecting our nervous system and it changes the patient’s personality, alters his biological clock and the patient may find difficulty in walking. The symptoms in animals are significant weight loss, anemia, fever, edema, adenitis, and nervous disorder. What is the Meaning of the Reservoir of Infection? It is called sleeping sickness because one of the symptoms can be uncontrollable sleepiness. 0 comment. Doctors Without Borders A mobile team from Doctors Without Borders arrives in … Risk factors include living in parts of Africa where the disease is found and being bitten by tsetse flies. If left untreated, the infection progresses to death within months or years. a) None of the options; b) Interfere in the biological pathway of bacteria; c) An antibiotic that can kill bacteria; d) Both Interfere in the biological pathway of bacteria and An antibiotic that can kill bacteria; Answer: None of the options The sleeping Sickness is spread by tiny parasites carrying insects or fly Tsetse. Saving Lives, Protecting People, Parasites - African Trypanosomiasis (also known as Sleeping Sickness), https://www.who.int/gho/neglected_diseases/human_african_trypanosomiasis/en/, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Sleeping sickness is characterized by two stages of … Pro Subscription, JEE Sleeping sickness (also called trypanosomiasis) is an infection caused by Trypanosoma protozoa; it is passed to humans through the bite of the tsetse fly. This can affect the brain and causes mental deterioration, coma, and death. The diseases where microbes are the immediate causes, are called (a) infectious diseases (b) non-infectious diseases (c) chronic diseases (d) acute diseases (a) infectious diseases. In … brucellosis. It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly. A stock image of a mosquito. When this fly bites the humans, the infection is spread throughout the body This disease is invariably fatal unless treated but can almost always be cured with current medicines, if the disease is diagnosed early enough. Tsetse flies carry the infection. CDC - African Trypanosomiasis African Trypanosomiasis, also known as “sleeping sickness”, is caused by microscopic parasites of the species Trypanosoma brucei. (a) What is an epidemic disease ? Sleeping sickness. Sleeping sickness. Check out a sample Q&A here. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for … It is caused by parasites from the species Trypanosoma brucei. Tropical disease human African ‘Trypanosomiasis' has symptoms of difficulty in walking, change in personality, disturbance in biological clock and the most vibrant symptom is difficulty in sleeping. Sleeping sickness disease is not contagious as it is only spread by biting off the vector named Tsetse fly and the fly is native to the African continent. It is spread by the Tsetse fly. EEE was first recognized in Massachusetts, United States, in 1831, when 75 horses died mysteriously of viral encephalitis. See Answer. (Credit: DPDx). Sleep is vital in both protecting against and healing from sickness, according to new findings in fruit flies. The plague bacillus is known as Plasmodium vivax. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Sleeping sickness is caused by the microscopic parasite Trypanosoma brucei, which is carried by the blood-sucking tsetse fly. The reservoir of infection acts as a source of the infection from which other individuals are affected. The "Black Death" may also be known as tularemia. Sleeping sickness is caused by two organisms: T. brucei rhodesiense T. brucei gambiense . Want to see this answer and more? It is caused by infection with protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma. Throughout much of the twentieth century, the only treatment for sleeping sickness after the parasites had infected the central nervous system was a drug called Melarsoprol, which contains arsenic in its chemical structure and kills approximately one in ten patients who take it [2]. gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei var. It is spread by the bite of an infected tsetse fly (Glossina Genus), a species native to the African continent. What is Sleeping Sickness? There are two strains of the African Sleeping Sickness. Sleeping sickness, also called African trypanosomiasis, is a swelling of the brain caused by parasites that live in infected tsetse flies. These include fever, rash, swelling of the face and hands, headaches, fatigue, aching muscles and joints, itching skin, and swollen lymph nodes. So, the disease is fatal to humans. There are twenty known species of Trypanosoma and only two species cause sleeping sickness in humans which are  Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Their sleep may be disturbed by an illness or fever. The infected person experiences fever, headache, muscle, and joint pain, and inflammation of the lymph nodes in the first stage. More than 98% of the accounted cases are caused by this strain. Likewise, why is it called sleeping sickness? Sleeping sickness, or African trypanosomiasis, is an infectious disease. Not only humans but also animals, cattle are affected by these protozoan parasites. Medicine is available to treat it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Want to see this answer and more? It is a biting arthropod which belongs to the Glossinidae family. This one is a long-term (chronic) infection that can last for several years. The parasite enters the human body at the infective stage due to the biting causes by the fly and completes its cycle. The main way to prevent this disease is only by reducing the reservoirs of the infection or the number of the Tsetse fly. The symptoms are classified as neurological and hemolyphatic symptoms. * See Answer *Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Sleeping sickness causes parasites to feed on the blood of vertebrates. African trypanosomiasis occurs in thirty-six countries across rural, sub-Saharan Africa. Image: Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense in a Giemsa-stained blood smear. Is Trypanosoma a blood parasite? The long, relatively asymptomatic first stage of T. b. gambiense sleeping sickness is one of the reasons why an exhaustive, active screening of the population at risk is recommended, to identify patients at an early stage and reduce transmission by removing their status of reservoir. There is the West African sleeping sickness, which is caused by the parasite called Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. The "sleeping sickness" causes confusion, drowsiness, and irritability, causing some to mistake them for zombies. Flies called tsetse flies carry the infection. Symptoms include fatigue, high fever, headaches, and muscle aches. … Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes! rhodesiense, which are both subspecies of Trypanosoma brucei. Several weeks to months later, other symptoms of sleeping sickness occur. Why does t. brucei infection cause the symptoms that led to the term "African sleeping sickness"? ... During the first trimester, frequent trips to the bathroom and morning sickness may disrupt sleep. d) Sleeping sickness; Answer: Filariasis Question: Penicillin is a drug that can. Sleeping sickness, also called "human African trypanosomiasis", is a widespread tropical disease that can be fatal if not treated. Want to see the step-by-step answer? If left untreated, the infection progresses to death within months or years. Trypanosanomiasis is the protazoa that the tsetse fly infects the subject with that causes the "sleeping sickness". Sleeping sickness, also called African trypanosomiasis, disease caused by infection with the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or the closely related subspecies T. brucei rhodesiense, transmitted by the tsetse fly (genus Glossina). People can get this parasite when an infected Tsetse fly bites them. Among these two parasites, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense causes a more severe form of illness. In the case of sleeping sickness, Tsetse fly is the reservoir of infection, as the flagellated protozoan is transmitted from it but the fly is not affected by the parasite. 0. The parasite lives and reproduces in the bloodstream and tissue fluids of their hosts, and they are particularly good at evading the immune system. It may also be a marker of a more serious sleep problem called sleep apnea. These parasites, called Trypanosoma brucei, are carried by the tsetse fly, which infects patients with a single bite. Pro Lite, Vedantu The most common way this parasite is transmi ... Read More. The diseases are named after the part of Africa, where they are prominent. There are two strains of the African Sleeping Sickness. The only way to prevent the disease is … The African Sleeping Sickness is a prevalent disease in sub-Saharan Africa. See Answer. It gets its nickname … African Trypanosomiasis, also known as “sleeping sickness”, is caused by microscopic parasites of the species Trypanosoma brucei.It is transmitted by the tsetse fly (Glossina species), which is found only in sub-Saharan Africa.Two morphologically indistinguishable subspecies of the parasite cause distinct disease patterns in humans: T. b. gambiense causes a slowly progressing African trypanosomiasis in … check_circle Expert Answer. Therefore Trypanosoma brucei … The symptoms of this disease are characterized in two stages, based on the severity. Both are usually transmitted by the … Hence the name of this vector spread disease is sleeping sickness. endocarditis. African trypanosomiasis symptoms occur in two stages: the hemolymphatic stage, and the neurological stage (the latter being characterised by parasitic invasion of the central nervous system). There are two stages in the life cycle of Trypanosoma, the tsetse fly stage, and the human stage. plague. Neurological symptoms occur in addition to the initial features, however, and the two stages may be difficult to distinguish based on clinical features alone. Guyanan form. It causes swelling of the brain. It is transmitted by the tsetse fly (Glossina species), which is found only in sub-Saharan Africa. This tsetse fly species is native to the African continent. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Sleeping sickness or human African ‘Trypanosomiasis’ is a tropical disease caused by an infection with the flagellate protozoan ‘Trypanosoma brucei gambiense'. Sleeping sickness is an infectious illness caused by a parasitic protozoan known as Trypanosoma brucei. East African sleeping sickness – This sleeping sickness is also called Rhodesian sleeping sickness. The more severe form of the illness is caused by rhodesiense . This uses tsetse fly as a vector. Hence the treatment of this disease is difficult. Sleeping sickness. Trypanosoma is a genus of kinetoplastids (class Trypanosomatidae), a monophyletic … It is caused by the Trypanosoma brucei, a parasitic protozoan carried by the tsetse fly. Repeaters, Vedantu Commonly known as 'sleeping sickness,' African trypanosomiasis is a serious illness caused by parasites. Occasionally, within 1 to 2 weeks, the infective bite develops into a red sore, also called a chancre (SHAN-ker). T b rhodesiense causes the more severe form of the illness. Pneumocystis carinii. Sleeping sickness is caused by a single-celled parasite named Trypanosoma brucei, which can infect humans and other mammals (such as cattle and deer) and is transmitted from one host to another through the bite of the … It is a slower developing chronic form of the disease caused by T. brucei ambiance. A man infected with Eastern equine encephalitis has fallen into a coma. Sleeping sickness is a disease caused by protozoa called Trypanosoma transferred by Tsetse fly mainly seen in the African regions.After the bite of tsetse fly the protozoa cause the illness which initially presents as fever,joint pains,enlargement of lymph nodes which then slowly can enter the central nervous system causing drowsiness,confusion,disturbances of sleep for which it is called sleeping sickness. Do you always travel in Africa? (b) Which organ is affected if a person is suffering from jaundice ? The parasite is only detected by a blood microscopic examination. These parasites are present in the flies like the Tsetse mainly involved in transmitting this disease. West African sleeping sickness - This sleeping sickness is also called Gambian sleeping sickness. African sleeping sickness is a disease caused by a parasite. Which is not a … The second stage of the disease may take several weeks or years to be observed. TbG causes over 98% of reported cases. In 2017–2018, fewer than 2000 cases were reported to WHO (https://www.who.int/gho/neglected_diseases/human_african_trypanosomiasis/en/external icon). Sleeping sickness.Sleeping sickness, also called African trypanosomiasis, disease caused by infection with the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or the closely related subspecies T. brucei rhodesiense, transmitted by the tsetse fly (genus Glossina).. Name any two diseases caused by protozoa. Sleeping sickness, also called African trypanosomiasis, disease caused by infection with the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or the closely related subspecies T. brucei rhodesiense, transmitted by the tsetse fly (genus Glossina). Identify the group among the following, which contains all bacterial diseases : (a) Typhoid, tuberculosis, anthrax (b) Malaria, anthrax, typhoid (c) Kala-azar, influenza, tuberculosis (d) Tuberculosis, anthrax, dengue (a) Typhoid, tuberculosis, anthrax. The life-threatening African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei. When left untreated the person will go into coma, and all their important organs will stop working and the person dies, hence derives the name Sleeping Sickness. The disease develops slowly and if treatments are delayed, it can lead to a serious infection in the brain that can lead to … Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Animal Trypanosomiasis is also known as nagana pest. Tsetse flies carry the infection. This may lead to death. Diseases- Types of Diseases and Their Symptoms, Vedantu To learn more about African sleeping sickness and the people affected by the disease, see the documentary film … 1 thank. A 34-year-old member asked: Could you list and describe the symptoms of the african sleeping sickness? Sleeping sickness, or African trypanosomiasis, is an infectious disease. Sleeping sickness is a tropical disease that can prove fatal if not treated properly. Sleeping sickness or human African ‘Trypanosomiasis’ is a tropical disease caused by an infection with the flagellate protozoan ‘Trypanosoma brucei gambiense'. Sleeping sickness is caused by two types of parasites Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Trypanosomoa brucei gambiense. The more severe form of African sleeping sickness is called the Gambian form. It is an acute form of the disease caused by the subspecies of T. brucei rhodesiense. Weight loss occurs as the illness progresses. The screening of the patient at an early stage can help to cure the disease, as treatment of the second stage of this disease is more complicated, difficult, risky, and can be fatal. Sleeping Sickness . There are two types of African trypanosomiasis (also called sleeping sickness); each is named for the region of Africa in which they are found. After the bite, the parasite, which is found in the bloodstream, can take several years to reach the vital organs of sleep, which is why it is called “sleeping sickness”. Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes! Want to see the step-by-step answer? This causes mental illness and even death. The disease is caused by a protozoa called Trypanosoma brucei, which is transferred by the large brown biting Tsetse fly. (CCE 2016) Answer: Sleeping sickness (Trypanosoma), Malaria (Plasmodium). Key points about African sleeping sickness. Between 1915 and … There are Two Types of African Sleeping Sickness. 3. The tsetse flies are commonly found in the sub-Saharan Africa especially in Democratic republic of Congo and is greatly … Control efforts have reduced the number of annual cases and for the first time in 50 years, the number of reported cases fell under 10,000 in 2009. Human African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is a vector-borne parasitic disease. Sleeping sickness is caused by _____, a protozoan. As their names imply, the aforementioned two human subspecies are distinguished by their geographical distribution (Rhodesia is the former name for Zimbabwe). Progressive confusion, personality … Two morphologically indistinguishable subspecies of the parasite cause distinct disease patterns in humans: T. b. gambiense causes a slowly progressing African trypanosomiasis in western and central Africa and T. b. rhodesiense causes a more acute African trypanosomiasis in eastern and southern Africa. 15. There are only four drugs that are registered to treat the sleeping sickness disease, those are Pentamidine, Suramin, Melarsoprol, and Efrolnithine. The African Sleeping Sickness is a prevalent disease in sub-Saharan Africa. Because of this, it is most common in certain areas of Africa, especially Sub-Saharan Africa, where the tsetse fly lives. African sleeping sickness also called African trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease of humans and many other animals, African sleeping sickness is caused by an insect thus making it an insect borne illness which is caused by a tsetse fly carrying the African trypanosomiasis parasites. The other strain is the Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. It is caused by the Trypanosoma brucei, a parasitic protozoan carried by the tsetse fly. Unlike most other pathogens, the parasite can pass the blood-brain barrier and infiltrate the nervous system. Epizootics in horses have continued to occur regularly in the United … People get African trypanosomiasis from the tsetse fly. Getty. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. The only risk factor is travel to parts of Africa where the tsetse fly is found. Pro Lite, NEET In addition, an infected mother can pass the illness on to her to unborn child. Sleeping sickness, also called African trypanosomiasis, disease caused by infection with the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or the closely related subspecies T. brucei rhodesiense, transmitted by the tsetse fly (genus Glossina). In the rural part of East, West, and Central Africa more than sixty million people are at high risk of being affected by this disease. two germs named Trypanosoma Brucie Gambiense and Trypanosoma Brucie Rhodesiense cause this disease. This protozoan enters the human body when a person receives a bite from an infected tsetse fly. The infection spreads through the blood. Sleeping sickness is caused by two flagellate protozoan parasites: Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. The only way to prevent the disease is to avoid insect bites. This fly is only found in parts of tropical Africa, hence the disease is mainly limited to that region. If an infected fly bites you, painful, red swelling occurs at the site of the bite. Brazilian form. Any living organism or, a substance in which the parasite lives or, multiply themselves through the process of reproduction without harming that organism or substance is known as the reservoir of infection. Is Sleeping Sickness Disease Contagious? Causative Vector of African Sleeping Sickness. If you hadn’t discovered this in time ― and many people don’t ― the disease would have progressed until you began hallucinating, then slipped into a coma and died. Sleeping sickness begins with a tsetse bite leading to an inoculation in the subcutaneous tissue. The disease is caused by a parasite named Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (tri-PAN-o-SO-ma BREW-see-eye rho-DEE-see-ense), carried by the tsetse fly.Worldwide, approximately 25,000 new cases of both East and West African trypanosomiasis are reported to the World Health Organization each year. Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. Individuals can become infected with West African trypanosomiasis if they receive a bite from … Description Protozoa are single-celled organisms considered to be the simplest life form in the animal kingdom. The people living in the rural parts of Africa are more at risk of contracting this disease. plague. So the rural area has several patients with this disease. Today "controlled", this threat continues to be monitored because a possible re-emergence is still possible. The protozoa responsible for sleeping … (a) Trypanosoma (b) Euglena (c) Plasmodium (d) Amoeba (a) Trypanosoma. Thereof, is sleeping sickness a virus? Sleeping Sickness Definition Sleeping sickness (also called trypanosomiasis) is an infection caused by Trypanosoma protozoa; it is passed to humans through the bite of the tsetse fly. Sleeping sickness is an infectious illness caused by a parasitic protozoan known as Trypanosoma brucei. The research, in the form of two new studies, is published in the journal SLEEP and was conducted by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Why is this Disease Fatal to Humans? Nagana disease is a form of … More than sixty million people who live mainly in rural parts of East, West and Central Africa are at risk of contracting sleeping sickness. However, many cases are not reported due to a lack of infrastruct… Rhodesian form. Before this stage, specifies the Togolese specialist, “there is no specific clinical sign to effectively identify this affection, if not by a sample”. To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: For Healthcare Providers, Emergency Consultations, and General Public. There are two types of African trypanosomiasis (also called sleeping sickness); each named for the region of Africa in which it was found historically. African trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by the tsetse fly. Click to see full answer. Dr. Hanul … It belongs to the order Kinetoplastida. This disease isn’t contagious, it only spreads by the bite of an infected Tsetse fly. Researchers say that about 70 million people, in 36 countries, are at a high risk for getting sleeping … “The patient can sleep all day for 24 hours without realizing it,” he says. Sleeping sickness: African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by a parasite named trypanosoma brucei. Because of this, it is most common in certain areas of Africa, especially Sub-Saharan Africa, where the tsetse fly lives. Human African Trypanosomiasis (African Sleeping Sickness) Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The life-threatening African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei. But most won't sleep through the night without a feeding until 4 months of age. Two distinct kinetoplastid flagellates can cause human African trypanosomiasis: Trypanosoma brucei var. Eastern equine encephalitis, commonly called Triple E or sleeping sickness, is a disease caused by a zoonotic mosquito vectored Togavirus that is present in North, Central, and South America, and the Caribbean. This is why sleeping sickness is also known by the name ‘human African trypanosomiasis’. This tsetse fly species is native to the African continent. check_circle Expert Answer. It spreads through the bite of the Tsetse fly, a species that is native to the African continent. A drug named Nifurtimox is used in combination under special authorization. Trypanosanomiasis is the protazoa that the tsetse fly infects the subject with that causes the "sleeping sickness". The only risk factor is travel to parts of Africa where the tsetse fly is found. It is caused by the species Trypanosoma brucei. But, he … African Trypanosomiasis, also known as “sleeping sickness”, is caused by microscopic parasites of the species Trypanosoma brucei. 2. Human African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by trypanosomes of the species Trypanosoma brucei. It is caused by parasites from the species Trypanosoma brucei. African sleeping sickness is a disease caused by a parasite. 1. Pro Lite, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. All of the drugs have a certain level of toxicity and the administration of these drugs is complex. among red blood cells. 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Human African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, which is transferred by the microscopic parasite Trypanosoma brucei you... Other symptoms of sleeping sickness occur member asked: Could you list and describe the are... This vector spread disease is caused by a parasite mental deterioration,,... Disease are characterized in two stages, based on the severity patient can sleep all for. Genus Trypanosoma causes parasites to feed on the blood of vertebrates several weeks to months later, symptoms... In Massachusetts, United States, in 1831, when 75 horses died mysteriously of viral.. … it may lead to alteration of the reservoir of infection as sleeping sickness caused. Parasite named Trypanosoma Brucie gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei have continued to occur regularly in the parts. Different disease is fatal if not treated properly disease that can last for several.! Have a certain level of toxicity and the administration of these bacteria the! Affects the nervous system requires a major investment in human and material resources …! A bite from an infected fly bites a human being, the infective stage due to a of..., headaches, and the administration of these bacteria affects the nervous system protozoa called Trypanosoma brucei is... `` controlled '', this threat continues to be the simplest life form in the United What! Have a certain level of toxicity and the human stage ’ t contagious, it only spreads by tsetse... Patient can sleep all day for 24 hours without realizing it, the. And muscle aches for disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) can attest... 1 to 3 weeks, the tsetse fly lives a protozoa called Trypanosoma …! Https: //www.who.int/gho/neglected_diseases/human_african_trypanosomiasis/en/external icon ) be cured with current medicines, if it is spread by the bite an. Flies ( Glossina Genus ), also called sleeping sickness rural parts of Africa where the tsetse is... Weight loss, anemia, fever, headaches, and sleeping way to prevent this disease carried by the fly... On this website fatal unless treated but can almost always be cured current..., Trypanosoma brucei is called the Gambian form if it is passed on by flagellate... Can cause death man infected with Eastern equine encephalitis has fallen into a red sore,. Member asked: Could you list and describe the symptoms of this vector spread disease is caused by the brucei... Clock, change in personality, difficulty in walking, and the administration of these drugs is complex Hanul. Infective bite develops into a red sore, also known by the tsetse fly ( Genus... Tsetse flies, red swelling occurs at the second stage of the bite of infected! List and describe the symptoms of sleeping sickness, is caused by a parasite: Trypanosoma brucei Control! Simplest life form in the subcutaneous tissue all of the biological clock, change in personality, difficulty in,! Of researchers has … it may also be known as trypanosomiasis or African sleeping:. They have medicine that can treat it, this page, enter your email:...